The race has been bred in an independent register-book system since 1850. It evolved in Central France around the town of Limoges. It was bred as a dual use race until 1900 then it was selectively bred in the direction of beef cattle. Nowadays it is already a well-known race worldwide with a big body, good resistance and long lifespan. It is not uncommon for the cows to deliver 10-12 calves during their life cycle. Its color is brownish red. It has a paler tinge around the eyes and the muzzle.

Its head is short, its front is wide and its horns are pointing upwards. A version with no horns exists, too. The trunk is deep and wide and richly muscle on every body part. Its skeleton is explicitly delicate. The full-grown cows weigh 600-700 Kg while the bulls weigh 1000-1200 Kg. A middle-early maturing race and the heifers can be inseminated at 18-20 months of their age. It gives birth easily and the maternal instinct of the cows is strong.

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